Thursday, December 19, 2013

What’s in Your Study Bible?

All good evangelical study Bibles teach that we are saved by grace alone through faith in Jesus Christ alone (Eph. 2:8, 9; Titus 3:5-7).  The Henry Morris Study Bible (formerly The Defender’s Study Bible) and The MacArthur Study Bible are highly regarded, but how can we spot a pro-Creation study Bible?  The next time you go to your Christian bookstore and browse look for the following:

1)  Is Genesis 1:1 the beginning?
2)  Creation in Six Days (CISD)
3)  Global Flood
4)  Gen. 5&11 implies a Young Earth
5)  Are Behemoth and Leviathan dinos or large reptiles?
6)  What does Mk 10:6 imply about a Young Earth?

The Wayfinding Bible (NLT, Tyndale) has a version of AiG’s ark similar to this,

However, the comments are fuzzy as to whether the Global Flood had significant geologic effect.  If your Bible has a map of Eden, that is an error – Noah’s Flood wiped out the pre-Flood geography.  Does your study Bible skip Exodus 20:11, which clearly teaches Creation in Six Days (CISD)?  In Job 40 & 41, Behemoth is surely a dino and Leviathan was most likely a large water-dwelling reptile (such as a mosasaur).

Ken Mathews in the Apologetics Study Bible (p. 15) says, “… this genealogy [Ge 5&11] cannot be used to the reconstruct the age of the earth.”  The chronology of Genesis does help us validate the Young Earth view.  Ted Cabal (p. 877) states that the “… old-earth interpretations arose due to the … discovery of enormous numbers of extinct animals such as dinosaurs.”  This is a non sequitur – fossils point to the Flood.  Terry Mortenson has shown in The Great Turning Point that Old Earth Fallacies (OEF) are founded on the work of Deist and atheist scholars using anti-biblical PreSuppositions.   

The New Geneva Study Bible has a chart of the ages of the patriarchs from Adam to Joseph (p. 17).  This would seem to favor the Young Earth interpretation, but the OT editor is Bruce Waltke who supports BioLogos.  The Framework Hypothesis is given consideration (p. 7).  The commentary on Ge 6:17 says, “A worldwide flood seems to be in view …” (p. 20).  R.C. Sproul now endorses The Reformation Study Bible.

Near the front of the NIV Study Bible there is a Chronological Chart:
The world is roughly about six millennia old – we don’t need a bunch of question marks.  Arguments for both a local and Global Flood are given (p. 15).  Behemoth is a hippo or elephant and Leviathan is a crocodile (p. 769).

Terry Mortenson describes Bible commentaries and systematic theologies that support the Young Earth perspective. [1]

After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be put to death and will have nothing.  The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed (Dan. 9:26, NIV).

1) Coming to Grips with Genesis ed. by Terry Mortenson and Thane Ury (Master Books, Green Forest, AR, 2008), pp. 327-329.

Thursday, November 7, 2013

James Hutton and the Lost Preface

James Hutton, the Father of Deep Time, wrote a preface to his Theory of the Earth (1788 and 1795) that was not published until 1975!  Although Hutton was a Deist and rejected Genesis, he held that man has been on this planet for only thousands of years‼ [1]   So, in one sense, Hutton supported Young Earth Science (YES). 

Hutton’s title for the preface is “Memorial justifying the present Theory of the Earth from the suspicion of impiety.”  Hutton understood that his innovations contradict Moses.

Hutton begins his preface as follows:

It belongs to religion to teach, that God made all things with creative power; that perfect wisdom had then presided in the election of ends & means, and that nothing is done without the most benevolent intention. But it belongs not to religion to give a history of nature, or to inform mankind of those things which actually are; it belongs not to religion, to teach that natural order of events, which man, in his science, may be able to unfold, and, in the wise system of intellect, find means to ascertain. The object of revelation and that of natural philosophy being thus perfectly different, it must be absurd to suppose that these can truly interfere; as this may only happen in supposing them not strictly adhering to their respective subjects and one or other of them as not being just. [2]

Notice how this is similar to Stephen Jay Gould’s NOMA position (Nonoverlapping Magisteria).

Hutton shows genuine candor in his preface:

… which of those two contradictory doctrines [“science v. religion”] should be of the highest authority, or command belief: the one is supposed to be divine revelation, the other to be the produce of natural philosophy. Such a question will not appear strange to a person who is truly pious, who acknowledges that all faculties are given him from above, that the laws of nature are true & steady as their author, and that man, made after the image of God, has been ordained to read the wisdom of his author in his works.

lt may perhaps he alledged, that as, from the fallibility of human reasoning, a physical disquisition may he erroneous, revelation, proceeding from a source which cannot err, should not only be reverenced as sacred, but must be received without dispute, and stand unaffected by every authority which is precarious.… it is not here meant either to impeach the authenticity of revelation, or to defend the fallibility of philosophic reasoning; these two things, as sources of human information, can only be compared properly when each, in its kind, is considered as perfect. [3]

Science is “perfect?”  Hutton capitalizes God, but not Author (hmm …). Science is based on fallible human reasoning.

Hutton gives this shocking admission:

It must be evident that if there be in the author of nature truth and in the author of men benevolence, the word of God, whether revealed by the common faculties of man, or given to human understanding in a preternatural [outside of nature] manner, must be always one.  Consequently it were impious to suppose that either one or other of those two different means of information had superior authority or that the proper result of each had not an equal right to be believed. [4]

Is Mother Nature the 67th book of the Bible??  Where have I heard that before?

Hutton goes on,

The christian religion is founded upon what is contained in the ancient Jewish writings; and in those writings we find something which seems to have the appearance of natural history. But that this is not truly so, or, at least, that such a part of natural history has no concern whatever with the present theory of the earth, will appear from the following considerations. The mosaic history of the creation, in giving a most succinct account of the order in which things were made, contains no chronological description of the beginning of things, or such as might apply to our measure of time, which is by days & years. This will appear by considering, that the sun, by which we measure our time, was not formed until the fourth distinguished period of the creation; and that it would be unreasonable, or no less than absurd, to suppose the term Day, by which each of those periods is expressed, in this Jewish history, means any thing besides an indefinite period, or means any more than to signify that God made all things in a certain order. [5]

Hutton does not capitalize Christian or Mosaic.  Genesis clearly does give a natural history.  About sixteen centuries after Creation Week this globe was destroyed by a worldwide catastrophe (Gen. 9:11).  The Genesis days are real days (Ex. 20:11).

Hutton claimed that his theory, “… does not in any respect interfere with chronology of the Old Testament.” [6]  Genesis chapters 5 and 11 provide an accurate chronology that validates Young Earth Science (YES).

The Great Lisbon Earthquake (1755) occurred in Hutton’s time.  The earthquake and the associated tsunami almost destroyed Lisbon and the surrounding regions.  Seismologists estimate a magnitude 8.5 to 9 for this quake.  Despite such events, Hutton veered away from catastrophism.  Catastrophism is now in a Renaissance.  Writing in Megaflooding on Earth and Mars (Cambridge Univ. Press), Victor Baker states,

After centuries of geological controversy it is now well established that the last major deglaciation of planet Earth involved huge fluxes of water from the wasting continental ice sheets, and that much of this water was delivered as floods of immense magnitude and relatively short duration. [7]

Hutton held to fixity of kinds.  This biological stasis leads one to hold to a worldwide cataclysm. [3]   Biological essentialism => Catastrophism => Young Earth Science (YES).
“If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how can you believe if I tell you heavenly things?” (Jn. 3:12).

Graphics credit:  Francis Schaeffer Hall.

1) “James Hutton on Religion and Geology:  the Unpublished Preface to his Theory of the Earth (1788)” by Dennis Dean, Annals of Science 32 (1975): 187-193, p. 191.
2) Ibid., p. 189.
3) Ibid.
4) Ibid., p. 190.
5) Ibid.
6) Ibid.
7) Megaflooding on Earth and Mars ed. by Devon Burr, Paul Carling and Victor Baker (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2009), p. 1
8) “Huttonian Biology and Geologic Upheaval” by Jay Hall, Creation Research Society Quarterly (1984), 21:76-78.

Monday, November 4, 2013

What Does the Finch Say?

Dog goes woof, Dino goes RAWR!
Bird goes tweet, platypus is meek.
Cow goes moo. Ape goes eek and Kinds are kind.
Ducks say quack and fish don’t really have legs.
But there's one sound that so few know …



Large Ground, Small Tree, Warbler Woe
Large Ground, Small Tree, Warbler Woe

Big black eyes, pointy beak, eat cactus and love insects.
Finches live, reproduce, all their kids are finches still.
Finches now; finches then, the finch kind is no disguise.

The secret of the finch, ancient mystery.
Somewhere deep in time, Darwin’s Doubt is hiding.
When finches come to town, we can surely know.
Day Five saw finches first – it’s no mystery.

What does the finch say?

Then God said, "Let the waters abound with an abundance of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the face of the firmament of the heavens."  So God created great sea creatures and every living thing that moves, with which the waters abounded, according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.  And God blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth."  So the evening and the morning were the fifth day [Day Five] (Gen. 1:20-23).

Friday, October 4, 2013

Killing Jesus

Bill O'Reilly and Martin Dugard have written Killing Jesus and state,

… we have the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, but they sometimes appear contradictory and were written from a spiritual point of view rather than as a historical chronicling of Jesus's [sic] life. [1]

They should get a copy of Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties by Gleason Archer which deals with these tensional verses.  Doctor Luke clearly states that he is using historical research methods (Lk 1:1-4).  Has O’Reilly actually read the Bible (all 66 books)?

O’Reilly’s spin is “We do not address Jesus as the Messiah” [2]  Did he take the same approach in Killing Lincoln and Killing Kennedy?  Was Lincoln merely a prominent leader during a Civil War?  NO, he was President.  Was JFK just a national figure loved by many celebs?  NO, he “kept the world from ending” (Cuban missile crisis).  Jesus Being the Christ cannot be overlooked!  The Jewish Historian Josephus recorded the following:

[Jesus’ disciples] reported that he had appeared to them three days after his crucifixion and that he was alive; accordingly, he was perhaps the messiah concerning whom the prophets have recounted wonders. [3]

This version comes from a tenth century Arabic text and so is unlikely to have been corrupted by Christian influence.  Christ’s miracles and perfect life point to his deity:

Jesus of Nazareth was a man proved to you by God himself through the works of power, the miracles and the signs which God showed through him here amongst you - as you very well know. … Now therefore the whole nation of Israel must know beyond the shadow of a doubt that this Jesus, whom you crucified, God has declared to be both Lord and Christ (Acts 2:22, 36, Philips).

O’Reilly claims to be Roman Catholic (RC), but he denies the reality of Adam and Eve and ridicules Noah’s Large Barge (Ark).  The Kolbe Center in an RC resource that supports traditional creation.  Dr. Joseph Strada (Ph.D.  Aeronautical Engineering and Mathematics) is one of their speakers.

O’Reilly refers to Jesus’ post-Resurrection appearances as “apparitions.” [4]  What’s up with that?

Even the cover of Killing Jesus is wrong.  Mel Gibson (friend of Robert Downey Jr.) got it right.  The sign on the cross, “Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews,” was in Hebrew, Greek and Latin (Jn 19:20).

On a more positive note, O’Reilly’s references on the “Historical Jesus” include the work of J.P. Moreland, Darrell Bock, William Lane Craig, Paul Copan, Mike Licona and C.S. Lewis. [5]

Please follow us on twitter.

1) Killing Jesus by Bill O'Reilly and Martin Dugard , p. 1.
2) Ibid., p. 2.
3) quoted in Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics by Norman Geisler (Baker, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999), p. 254.
4) O'Reilly and Dugard, p. 261.
5) Ibid., p. 279.

Friday, September 6, 2013

Ben Carson - Friend of Creation

In 1987, Dr. Benjamin Carson was the first surgeon to separate twins conjoined at the head.  At age 32, Benjamin Carson became Director of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins.  In Beverly Hills in 2006 Dr. Carson was part of a panel discussion on evolution along with Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett and Francis Collins.  Dr. Carson opposed evolution.  Dr. Carson received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2008.
Carson defends creation around the 22 minute mark in this video.  Dr. Carson had a very interesting confrontation with Donald Johanson of Lucy fame.  Let me allow the good doctor to speak for himself: 


By believing we are the products of random acts, we eliminate morality and the basis of ethical behavior. For if there is no such thing as moral authority, you can do anything you want. You make everything relative, and there’s no reason for any of our higher values.
Follow us in the TwitterDome!    @TWIT_Y6K 

The Evolution Conspiracy

The Evolution Conspiracy is a must-see classic creationist film that features John Morris (President of icr), Luther Sunderland (Darwin’s Enigma), Russell Humphreys, Wendell Bird, Roger Oakland (Understand the Times) and Norman Geisler among others.  A number of evolutionist scholars are also interviewed. You can see this superb video here. 

The powerful presentation demolishes the arguments for Darwinism.  Even evolutionist museum officials admit that the missing links are still missing.  D. James Kennedy appears and so does one of my favorite creationist broadcasters, Ian Taylor (Creation Moments).  The film also makes the connection between Darwin and the New Age movement.

Please join us on twitter:  @TWIT_Y6K

Tuesday, July 30, 2013

Perfectly Clear Podcast – Science Left Behind

Science Left Behind by Alex Berezow of RealClearScience and Hank Campbell of Science 2.0 came out in 2012.  The podcast reviewing this book may be found here.

References and links for the podcast:
Berezow & Campbell debunk the overpopulation myth (pp. 82-88).

Michael Medved supports Intelligent Design (ID) and even had a Young Earth advocate on his radio show (see the review marked “NED” and “oblivion”).
Berezow & Campbell speak of “fringe religious opposition to evolution” (p. 6).
Over 800 Ph.D. scientists deny Darwinism.
William F. Buckley on his Firing Line show had ID leaders Phillip Johnson, Michael Behe and David Berlinski as guests.   
G.K. Chesterton severely criticized Darwin (p. 129). 
Some creationists have won the Nobel prize (pp. 21, 33). 
A Gallup poll found that 49% of Independents deny that humans evolved from animals (pp. 212, 213). 
Berezow & Campbell are wrong about stem cell research (pp. 22-26).
Embryonic Stem Cells are unstable; many diseases have been successfully treated with adult stem cells and stem cells may also be found in umbilical cord blood and baby teeth. [1]
Berezow & Campbell don’t favor “resorting to religious or spiritual arguments” (p. 136).
Both the Bible and the Qur’an allow eating meat. 
Science itself is based on Biblical PreSuppositions.

According to Berezow, “The Earth isn't young.” [2] 

Berezow references two BioLogos web pages against Young Earth Science (YES). 
Sarah Palin (p. 142) is best described as an Intelligent Design advocate. [3]
NSF alternative:  Privatizing the Public Sector by E.S. Savas.
The oldest tree confirms the Global Flood.
Yellowstone tree rings support YES (Arct). [4]
Old Earth Fallacies (OEF) and ice cores.
Radiocarbon in dino bones‼
Growth rings and YES.
Are “missing” isotopes a problem for YES?
School choice is the key to the origins debate.
Berezow & Campbell say that “nobody has died from denying evolution” (p. 240).
Darwinism and suicide may be closely tied.
Jerry Bergman recently wrote Hitler and the Nazi Darwinian worldview.
Berezow and Campbell tell us to trust science (p. 258).

Princes [and Big Science] also sit and speak against me, but Your servant meditates on Your statutes. Your testimonies also are my delight and my counselors (Psalm 119:23, 24).

1)  “Stem Cells” by Georgia Purdom in A Pocket Guide to Social Issues by Tommy Mitchell et al (Answers in Genesis, Petersburg, KY, 2009), pp. 26, 27.
2)  personal email.
3)  Going Rogue by Sarah Palin (HarperCollins, 2009), pp. 218, 219.
4)  The Young Earth by John Morris, Rev. ed. (Master Books, Green River, AR, 2007), p. 117.

Thursday, June 27, 2013

Young Earth Science (YES)

YES as shorthand for Young Earth Science is on the rise.  We use many TLA’s (3 letter acronyms) every day:
If you google “Young Earth Science” you get 690K hits.  Change the search to: YES "young earth" geology catastrophism, and you obtain 244K items.
Our recent blog highlighted the pro-YES website of Bob Enyart who has interviewed such notables as Lawrence Krauss (The Physics of Star Trek) and Jack Horner (Jurassic Park).  There is a site dedicated to “students and teachers who recognize the overwhelming scientific evidence supporting the history of a Young Earth …”  Jeannie Fulbright is a homeschool science author.  She has a web page titled “young-earth-science” where she states, “… there is scientific evidence for a young earth … which is often mentioned throughout our science course narratives. [1]  The Puritan Board also has a YES discussion page.  Reasons to Affirm a Young Earth by Paul Humber supports YES:  “… there is good scientific evidence that the earth is less than ten thousand years old. …[it can be] shown that scientific data supports the [young] age of the earth…”  Cambridge University Press published The New Catastrophism by Derek Ager, former President of the British Geological Association, in 1995.  Ager shows that most rock formations were formed rapidly and not over millions of years.  There is even a facebook page:  which proclaims that, “More and more scientific evidence is mounting suggesting the earth is much younger than [mainstream] scientists have thought.”  Are “likers” of Old Earth Fallacies (OEF) following a ritual when they reject YES?

Beyond the gates of OEF delirium we can awaken to the true evidence for YES.  In Lake Walensee (Switzerland) over 300 layers formed in 160 years. [2]  Roger Patterson, who has studied bias in high school science textbooks, states,

The layer known as the Navajo Sandstone contains minerals that were eroded from the Appalachian Mountains. … The Tapeats Sandstone contains large boulders and was deposited in storm conditions over an immense area of North America.  The Redwall Limestone extends from the Southwest to Pennsylvania and Tennessee – obviously deposited as the result of a massive catastrophe. [3]
An amazing dating anomaly involves the volcanic ash layer nearby where Richard Leakey found Skull 1470 had been dated at 212M to 230M years by the K-Ar method. [4]  This age, of course, was rejected because of PreSuppositions regarding human origins.  Kata Tjuta (i.e. Olgas) in central Australia is an exhibit for YES:  “Even evolutionary geologists admit that the large boulders in the layers of Kata Tjuta must have been deposited relatively quickly by a torrent of water” Patterson explains. [5]  YES deniers are on a vicious roundabout when they refuse to get off the OEF train and explore geochronology options.
Darwiniacs are going for the Billions, but the hard facts lead to YES.  At Ramshorn Peak in Montana there is a polystrate tree that is 34 feet tall! [6] 
Polystrate fossils indicate rapid deposition.  The lack of fulgurites (lightning glass) points to YES. [7]  There is a clear deviation of the expected geologic age versus the radiometric date for many samples: [8]
The dashed line represents equality which does not match the general trend of the data.  Clearly there are problems with the dating methods.  The Samarium-Neodymium dating method has undergone a drastic revision.  According to Physics Today, the half-life went from 103M to 68M years.  Does this indicate some fatal flaws in the PreSuppositions of radioactive dating?  University of Washington research concludes that most harmful protein-coding human mutations arose in the past 5,000 to 10,000 years.  Could this be because humans have only been around that long?  Certain moon rocks have remnant magnetism which runs contrary to a moon that’s allegedly billions of years old. [9]  The sun is almost a perfect sphere – if it were as old as assumed it should have flattened out somewhat. [10]
Award winning scifi author and former aeronautical engineer James Hogan points out that, “Nuclear tracks on interplanetary dust particles collected in the Earth’s stratosphere also indicate an age no greater than ten thousand years.” [11]  Hogan is truly close to the edge of YES.  Even anti-YES writer Ronald Bailey admits, “… modern [mainstream] geologists do acknowledge that there have been essentially global catastrophes in the past.  The extreme volcanism of the Siberian Traps nearly wiped out all life at the end of the Permian period 251 million years ago …”

There is an eye-opening chapter in Sacred Cows in Science edited by Norbert Smith (Ph.D. Zoology, Texas Tech) on Global Catastrophe. [12]  If most of the Geologic Column was deposited in one event, then OEF collapses.  Of the hundreds of flood legends throughout the world it is evident that the account of the Great Flood in Genesis is the most accurate.

Why have so many adopted OEF?  Charles Lyell’s Principles of Geology (pub. 1830) brainwashed generations of geologist into gradualism.  Writing in Science, W. D. Allmon said that Lyell’s teachings led to “… the rejection of sudden or catastrophic events in the face of positive evidence for them, for no reason other than they were not gradual.” [13]  J. Harlan Bretz (d. 1981) views about the catastrophic origin of the Channeled Scablands were rejected for 40 years because of the bias towards gradualism. [14]  If the OEF fans refuse to join the YES cohort, they will truly become the owners of a lonely heart.  YES we can!  From OEF to YES – it can happen today!  Just say “YES.”    

“He has made everything beautiful in its time. Also He has put eternity in their hearts, except that no one can find out the work that God does from beginning to end” (Eccl. 3:11).
How old is the Earth?  Is Darwinism valid?  How does the Renaissance of Catastrophism relate to the age of the world?  Is your favorite planet thousands or billions of years old?  Discover the shocking evidence in this powerful new book, YES – Young Earth Science by Jay Hall (at 
Here are some cool Zazzle items on Young Earth Science (YES):

1) emphasis added.
2) Evolution Exposed:  Earth Science by Roger Patterson (Answers in Genesis, Hebron, KY, 2008), pp. 101, 102.
3) Ibid., p. 130.
4) Ibid., p. 133.
5) Ibid., p. 138.
6) “Upright Petrified Trees of Ramshorn Peak, Montana” by Arthur Manning (CRSQ, Vol. 49, No. 3, Winter 2013), pp. 230-235.
7) “A Survey of Lightning” by Don DeYoung (CRSQ, Vol. 49, No. 4, Spring 2013), pp. 284, 285.
8) “Critics of RATE Overlook Its Results” by Russell Humphreys (CRSQ, Vol. 49, No. 4, Spring 2013, letter), p. 321.
9) “Lunar Upsets Challenge Paradigms” by David Coppedge (Creation Matters, Vol. 17, No. 2, Mar/Apr 2012), p. 9.
10) “Sun, moon and stars in the news” by David Coppedge (Creation Matters, Vol. 17, No. 4, Jul/Aug 2012), p. 9.
11) Kicking the Sacred Cow by James Hogan (Baen, Riverdale, NY, 2004), p. 207 (emphasis added).
12) “Global Catastrophe and the Historicity of Noah” by Jay Hall in Sacred Cows in Science ed. by Norbert Smith (CreateSpace, 2011), pp. 193-202.
13) quoted in “Thor’s Hammer” by Kevin Anderson (CRSQ, Vol. 49, No. 4, Spring 2013), p. 261.
14) “The Revolution of Creationism” by David Shormann (Creation Matters, Vol. 17, No. 6, Nov./Dec. 2012), p. 3.

Saturday, May 25, 2013

Contact, Carl Sagan and the Pi Code

In the film and book Contact by Carl Sagan (d. 1996), the Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI) plays a key role.  Jody Foster was the star of the movie.  In Contact, the intelligent signal arrives in the form of radio waves from space.  Right here on our planet we can find an intelligent signal in DNA!

Icarus is a prestigious planetary science journal.  Carl Sagan was the editor of this journal from 1968 to 1979.  Vladimir shCherbak and Maxim Makukov have written a paper in Icarus suggesting that DNA itself provides the SETI goldmine:

As the actual scenario for the origin of terrestrial life is far from being settled, the proposal that it might have been seeded intentionally cannot be ruled out. A statistically strong intelligent-like “signal” in the genetic code is then a testable consequence of such scenario. Here we show that the terrestrial code displays a thorough precision-type orderliness matching the criteria to be considered an informational signal. [1]

shCherbak and Makukov further state,

The signal displays readily recognizable hallmarks of artificiality, among which are the symbol of zero, the privileged decimal syntax and semantical symmetries. Besides, extraction of the signal involves logically straightforward but abstract operations, making the patterns essentially irreducible to any natural origin. [2]

shCherbak and Makukov make an explosive conclusion, “The patterns are shown to match the criteria of an intelligent signal.”  DNA contains information and info only comes from intelligence!

In Contact, the SETI signal starts with prime numbers (2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23,29,31,37 …). [3]  In the story, Ellie Arroway says, “No astro-physical process is likely to generate prime numbers … this looks like the real thing [a genuine SETI message]. [4]  DNA also applies primes!

Evolution News summarizes the findings:

The proline nucleon [protons and neutrons] transfer is like a decoder ring that makes the signal apparent and all the blocks balance out. Some other signs of artificiality are the fact that nucleon sums are multiples of 037; the stop codons [triplets that specify amino acids] act as zero in a decimal system, and all the three-digit decimals (111, 222, 333, 444, 555, 666, 777, 888, and 999) appear at least once in the code, "which also looks like an intentional feature" [according to shCherbak and Makukov].

R=side chain, B=standard block (H2NCHCO2H), 37*2=74.  Some Asian countries consider 888 “lucky.”

DNA also has arithmetic progressions!  654 (-1), 789 (+1) and 369 (+3).

The prime number seven also plays a significant role in the genetic code.  Seven Day Week = Six Days of Creation + Sabbath.  If you take the reciprocal of 7 and plot the digits you get an ellipse (1/7=.142857142857…).  Interestingly, every planet travels in an ellipse!

An ellipse is much like a circle (both are conic sections).  In the book version of Contact there is a SETI message in the digits of pi (3.1415926…). [5]  Using base-11 math, the digits of pi provide a picture similar to this:

Sagan provides the clear conclusion:

The universe was made on purpose, the circle said.  In whatever galaxy you happen to find yourself, you take the circumference of a circle, divide it by its diameter, measure closely enough, and uncover a miracle – another circle, drawn kilometers downstream of the decimal point.  There would be richer messages farther in. … In the fabric of space and in the nature of matter, as in a great work of art, there is, written small, the artist’s signature.  Standing over humans, gods, and demons, subsuming Caretakers and Tunnel builders, there is an intelligence that antedates the universe. [5] 

At the beginning of the chapter “The Artist’s Signature” Sagan quotes the following:

The universe seems… to have been determined and ordered in accordance with number, by the forethought and the mind of the creator of all things; for the pattern was fixed, like a preliminary sketch, by the domination of number preexistent in the mind of the world-creating God.  (Nicomachus of Gerasa, Arithmetic I, 6, c. 100 AD). [6]

Even the denizens of Star Trek® know an intelligent pattern when they find it.  The character Boma in the story “That Which Divides” states, “I was able to detect a regular pattern … Whatever that thing is, it’s not a naturally occurring phenomenon.  Someone or something put it there, deliberately.” [7]  Was DNA put on Earth deliberately?

If we saw two children in the maternity ward today with the labels SPYKE and PEARL, would we conclude that these are codes for the last five digits of their weights in kg (which would be random)?  NO‼  We know that these are their names intelligently chosen by their parents.

One wonders how Sagan would respond to the work of shCherbak and Makukov.  In the very book where Sagan tackles spirituality, he fails to deal with a truly significant work on that topic published 6 years before his death – Truth in Religion by Mortimer Adler.  Adler was the Associate Editor of The Great Books series and co-author of the popular How to Read a Book.  Adler was also the chairman of the Board of Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica for some time.  According to Adler, “The philosophical argument for God’s existence establishes a conclusion affirming God’s existence beyond a reasonable doubt.” [8]  Sagan was very critical of the Anthropic Principle, such as expounded in the film The Privileged Planet. [9]  In response to the question of whether the Lord Jesus Christ was simply written into history, Sagan said, “It’s certainly possible.” [10]

As I watched the four creatures, I saw something that looked like a wheel on the ground beside each of the four-faced creatures.  This is what the wheels looked like: They were identical wheels, sparkling like diamonds in the sun.  It looked like they were wheels within wheels, like a gyroscope.  They went in any one of the four directions they faced, but straight, not veering off.  The rims were immense, circled with eyes (Ez. 1:15-18, Msg).

For more on determining signals of intelligence and SETI, I would recommend the following from mathematician and philosopher William Dembski:
The Design Inference (pub. by Cambridge University Press)
No Free Lunch.
Will Dembski learn the truth about the Age of the Earth?  Read this bold and fresh new book on Young Earth Science (YES):
Special thanks to Francis Hall for the 1st, 2nd & 5th graphics‼

1) emphasis added.
2) emphasis added.
3) Contact by Carl Sagan (Arrow Books, London, 1986), p. 83.
4) Ibid., p. 76.
5) Ibid., p. 429.
6) Ibid., p. 422.
7) That Which Divides by Dayton Ward (Pocket Books, NYC, 2012), p. 39.
8) Truth in Religion:  The Plurality of Religions and the Unity of Truth by Mortimer Adler (Macmillan, NYC, 1990), p. 18.
9) The Varieties of Scientific Experience: A Personal View of the Search for God by Carl Sagan (Penguin, NYC, 2006), pp. 53-59.
10) Ibid., p. 237.